Heat and drought are the most worrying abiotic stresses that will, soon, reduce the productive areas of the planet. If the air temperature is above optimum the inhibition of photosynthesis can occur. In these conditions, photosynthesis begins to decrease gradually and reversibly, at first, and irreversibly if the stress occurs over a long period of days. Then it causes enzyme inactivation, pigment discoloration, lipid peroxidation and other damage.
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are key microorganisms that make up a large part of the microbial biomass of cultivated soils can help plants to become more resistant against heat stress. Plants in association with these fungi have increased water and nutrient absorption capacity. This increase is due to the extension of the fungus hyphae that can explore a volume of soil much higher than the volume that the roots of the plants are able to explore.
Compaction is one of the main causes of physical soil degradation caused by the reduction of soil volume when external pressure is applied, resulting in the increased soil resistance to penetration, decreased porosity and changes in the size distribution of pores.
One of the most pronounced effects of soil compaction is the reduction in the volume of soil explored roots, limiting the use of water and nutrients applied to the soil. Nutrients may be available, but the growth of the roots is limited, making it difficult to access them.
Soil compaction can be corrected by stimulating soil biology and the development of plant roots:
Soil biology and the interactions that occur in the soil ecosystem are fundamental to provide a favorable environment for plant development. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are key microorganisms that make up a large part of the microbial biomass of cultivated soils. About 80% of plants are symbiotically associated with these fungi, which are notably important agents for improving soil quality and crop performance. Tolerance to abiotic stresses, especially heat stress, is a fundamental benefit resulting from the symbiosis between cultivated corn plants and soil microbiology.
Symbiosis with mycorrhizal fungi can reduce stress by some mechanisms, notably: increased water absorption from the soil by hyphae; alteration of hormonal levels, causing changes in stomatal conductance; increased leaf turgor and reduced osmotic potential; and improving the nutrition of the host plant. Penergetic stimulates the growth of mycorrhizal fungi and soil activity.
Comparison im mycorrhization: Control (no treatment), SiO2 (Sikron- carrier material), PNG 1g (Penergetic 1g), PNG 2g (Penergetic 2g):
Soil compaction and chemical inputs contribute to the reduction of soil nutrients. Microbial activity is key to restore not only the soil structure but also its nutritional value for plants.
Each time a synthetic molecule is used to control a particular group of insects, fungi, bacteria or plants, the environment suffers the consequences and tends to seek balance restoration. The introduction of pesticides and mineral fertilizers in agrosystems alters the chemical, physical, microbiological and energetic balance in the soil, directly affecting all life forms directly.
“Studies carried out in several locations in Poland in 2017–2019 tested the possibility of replacing 30–40% of the dose of mineral nitrogen by Penergetic (K+P) growth activators alone and in combination with Azoter containing plant growth promoting rhizobacteria in the cultivation of maize for grain.” (Artyszak & Gozdowski, Institute of Agriculture, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Is It Possible to Replace Part of the Mineral Nitrogen Dose in Maize for Grain by Using Growth Activators and Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria?)
The penergetic technology is one of the products based on technological innovations with effect on restoring balance in agricultural systems that has drawn attention among farmers and the scientific community. Penergetic treated soils show an increase in the biological activity. The feeding activity of fauna and microorganisms in the sub superficial layer is intensified with the use of Penergetic technology.
The Penergetic soil and plant products help to improve the soil fertility and plant growth. penergetic b promotes humus formation and soil activity. Soil quality is improved and thus forms an ideal foundation for optimal plant growth. By improving the soil physical structure, the roots find ideal conditions. Furthermore, penergetic b helps making the soil nutrients more plant-available.
Penergetic p optimizes plant development by boosting root growth and stimulating mycorrhizal symbiosis. The corn plants can absorb the nutrients more efficiently and productivity is improved. penergetic p has a positive influence on soil life and helps actively to strengthen plants. It stimulates the root growth, intensifies plant properties and improves the photosynthesis performance. More quantity through optimized root, leaf and flower formation.
The science of the Penergetic Technology uses the existing knowledge saying that each atom, each molecule, each compound and each substance has its own energy measured by electromagnetic frequencies. The natural biotechnology uses these effects to stimulate different biological cycles.